Archive - 2009
First, of course, is that common usage of the term "off-reservation gaming" usually means gaming on newly acquired lands. That is, people commonly say "off-reservation casino" to refer to any effort to open a gaming establishment on new lands. Often, those lands actually have some tie to the tribe's reservation, so the "off-reservation" part is something of a misnomer. "Gaming on newly acquired lands" is more accurate, but apparently it's too much of a mouthful for most people. With that little lecture on legal terminology out of the way, let's move on to some basic rules.
- the group has been identified as an American Indian group on a "substantially continuous basis since 1900"
- a predominant portion of the group comprises a "distinct community" and has existed as such from historical times to the present
- the group has maintained autonomous "political influence or authority" over its members
- the group has membership criteria and governing processes in place
- the group's members are descended from an Indian tribe